VOLUNTEERISM A LITERATURE REVIEW
Meaningful research can only be conducted by studying the existing knowledge of the
prospective participant. Strydom (2002) states that a literature review is important for the
clear formation of the problem, as well as the execution of the planning, and the actual
implementation of an investigation.
In qualitative research, the review of the literature may emphasize how the current
research continues a developing line of thought, or it can point to a question or
unresolved conflict in prior research to be addressed (Neuman, 2000). As cited earlier,
the paucity of literature on the motivations and expectations of volunteers, (home-based
carers in particular), emphasizes the need for such research be undertaken in order that
this rare commodity is fully understood, optimally utilized and appropriately rewarded.