South African Curriculum Reform Education for Active
The study, on which the paper is based, adopted a qualitative research paradigm
and a case study research design with an interpretive approach to obtain an in-depth
understanding of the phenomenon of citizenship education in a democracy.
Participants were drawn from 5 secondary schools in the Western Cape, SA.
The participants included 461 Grade 12 learners who completed the Grade 11 Life
Orientation curriculum and 7 Life Orientation educators. The case study provided
the opportunity to closely examine the data in its specific context over a period of
time (Yin, 2003; Merriam, 1998; Zainal, 2007).