POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR ORPHANS AND OTHER CHILDREN MADE VULNERABLE BY HIV AND AIDS SOUTH AFRICA
The socio-economic impact of the HIV and AIDS epidemic results in family, community and social disintegration. This is evidenced by the increase in the number of orphans and vulnerable children, child-headed households and the inability of the extended family system to provide such children with basic requirements such as shelter, food, medical care, education, love and support. It is estimated that at least one in eight children are already orphans while many more are living with and often caring for ill parents or primary caregivers, as well as for their siblings. Stigma, discrimination and poverty lead to these children being denied or discouraged from accessing basic services, such as health care, education and social services.