By Nomtika Mjwana
ACTIVATE! Change Drivers, in partnership with the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation (IJR) and Africa Unite, hosted a gender and gender-based violence hackathon with young community members who were predominantly learners from several high schools in the Western Cape. This took place at the Africa Unite Offices on Saturday March 10 in Spin Street, Cape Town city center.
The hackathons form part of the interconnectedness and inclusivity project that the above listed organisations (ACTIVATE! and IJR) are working on, which aims to create enabling and inclusive spaces of engagement around gender and gender-based violence, racial identity and intersectionality respectively.
“Despite 23 years of democracy and gains made in terms of access to socio-economic and civil rights the legacies of colonialism and apartheid still impacts how we relate to one another, specifically as it relates to gender. Marginalised gender identities battle to access what should be inalienable human rights, and until we address this legacy of inequality, we will fail to address the gender crisis.”- extract from the gender hackathon concept note.
The objective and purpose of the hackathon was to create a safer and brave space for learners to engage on issues of gender and gender-based violence (GBV); explore with them their perceptions around the roots causes of GBV and train them in hosting Hackathons in their own communities. Learners [Peer Educators] from Rosendale High, Simunye High in Delft Portlands High Mitchells Plein, Nelson Mandela High Nyanga and Heideveld High in Heideveld were in attendance. The group also included a few other community members, including Mr. Meyer, a teacher from Heideveld High School.
In holding the conversation, learners were first asked to identify and share what their understanding of gender, gender identity and gender roles was. “We need to understand what young people know as sexuality. They are raised and taught in a particular way, and if we want to unpack gender-based violence we need to unpack both the understanding of gender and that of violence. This way we take the conversation of GBV far beyond the heteronormative context”, Lezerine Mashaba, ACTIVATE! Interconnectedness Project Manager and the facilitator of the hackathon.
It was interesting to note that the peer educators’ definitions and understanding of gender was broader, and not so often associated with one’s sex. Furthermore, they shared interesting insights around gender as a social construct, and the confined mannerisms that gender binaries may entrench.
One of the learners spoke on how gender-based violence is primarily based on rigid gender roles, and those can be enforced through different forms of violence which can be emotional, physical, verbal, psychological and economical. They further explained that people may be violated because they are women and society feel entitled over them and their bodies, but also to other gender diverse persons because they either have a different sexual orientation from them [heterosexual] or because they do not conform to the rigid gender expectations that are placed upon individuals based on their sex assigned at birth.
Drawing to the end of the session, the learners engaged on how to create spaces of conversation and gender sensitization, as well as painted a vision of a gender just society. Some of the key elements that stood out spoke about a gender just society include:
- A society that respects people regardless of their sexual orientation and gender identity
- No gender is dominant over the other
- Promotion of self-love to be kind and loving to others
- Freedom from judgement, gender stereotypes and discrimination
- Gender fluid society and fair representation in media
- No violence against women, children, gender diverse persons.
ACTIVATE! and IJR will continue to have these conversations on other platforms, including a webinar on March 19th and an Imbizo on March 21st , critically engaging on Human Rights and Gender Based Violence.